Applications of Mapping and Analysis

Mapping Smoking Violations on a College Campus: Implications for Prevention

Recent research has begun to use GIS to map the relationship between alcohol outlets and unwanted behavior in college communities, such as car accidents, violence, and overall crime. Such geographic analysis has been able to illustrate how problems cluster in space and time, which can aid campus police departments in preventing such incidents in or around campuses through proactive policing and other policy changes.

Role of Mapping Technology for Locating Missing Children

The Florida woman was frantic: her 8-year-old grandson was missing again. Like nearly half of children with autism, her grandson was prone to wandering and could be in danger. Her local sheriff’s office responded quickly, calling on 11 agencies to help search for the child using bloodhounds, ATVs, and helicopters. A call was made to the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC), the leading nonprofit organization working with law enforcement on issues of missing and exploited children, at its Alexandria, Virginia headquarters requesting immediate assistance…

Ripeness and Hot Spots in Time: Possible Futures in Micro Place-Based Policing

Place-based policing is known to help decrease crimes. The theory is that specific areas have properties that make them more attractive for specific types of crimes. Areas of a city with a high concentration of apartment complexes are where large numbers of cars can be found, many without sufficient management or guardians. These complexes can be hot spots for auto-related crime…

Foreclosures, Domestic Disturbances, and Policy Implications

By Kim Lersch, Paul Cromwell, and Christine Sellers
Over the past decade, the United States has experienced a foreclosure crisis that reached epic proportions, rivaling the level seen during the Great Depression of the 1930s. While nationally the foreclosure activity was at a 5 year low in the third quarter of 2012, some states have continued to see their rates climb year after year. In May 2014 the national foreclosure rate for the entire U.S. was 1 in every 1,199 housing units…

USING RISK TERRAIN MODELING TECHNIQUE TO IDENTIFY PLACES WITH THE GREATEST RISK FOR VIOLENT CRIMES IN NEW HAVEN

By Charles Anyinam, PhD
The importance of place in crime causation and crime prevention has been emphasized over the years (Weisburd, 2008). Current environmental criminological theories of crimes such as rational choice (Clarke & Felson, 1993); routine activity theory (Cohen & Felson, 1979); and crime pattern theory (Brantingham & Brantingham, 1993) give weight to the importance of place for understanding crime. As McCord and Ratcliffe have summed up, “together these three theories state that specific types of land uses and facilities generate crime due to the daily activities associated with them and the number and types of people they attract”…