Editor’s Note

Welcome to the second issue of the Crime Mapping & Analysis News, and the first of 2015. I am happy that the first issue was well received by our readers. This issue brings a broad array of articles focusing on crime mapping and analysis practice and research.

Mapping Changes in Neighborhood Crime Trend Post-Disaster

By Renee Zahnow
In recent years the world has experienced a number of extreme disaster events. The 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami devastated countries from East Africa to Thailand, and in the United States, Hurricane Katrina in 2005 had far reaching and long lasting consequences for New Orleans. In 2011, Christchurch, NZ was severely damaged by one of the largest earthquakes recorded in the country. This event was closely followed by a tsunami that ravaged large areas of Japan…

CRIME FORECASTING ON A SHOESTRING BUDGET

By Andreas M. Olligschlaeger, TruNorth Data Systems, Inc.
Unless you’ve been living under a rock for the past three or four years you’ll have heard of predictive policing, the latest of many buzzwords to emerge in the field. Media hype has been nothing short of spectacular, with many vendors – new and old – jumping into the fray and offering software products that promise to revolutionize policing as we know it. Naturally, all of this comes at a cost: not only are some of the products extremely expensive, but they have created sometimes unrealistic expectations of crime analysts…

Data and Research for Increased Safety and Fairness

By Anne Milgram, JD
Over the past two decades, crime rates in the United States—and, in particular, violent crime rates—have declined sharply, and leading experts suggest that innovative policing strategies deserve a large part of the credit for this decrease. From CompStat to hot-spotting, law enforcement has led the way in leveraging data and technology to determine how best to deploy its resources to enhance public safety…

Foreclosures, Domestic Disturbances, and Policy Implications

By Kim Lersch, Paul Cromwell, and Christine Sellers
Over the past decade, the United States has experienced a foreclosure crisis that reached epic proportions, rivaling the level seen during the Great Depression of the 1930s. While nationally the foreclosure activity was at a 5 year low in the third quarter of 2012, some states have continued to see their rates climb year after year. In May 2014 the national foreclosure rate for the entire U.S. was 1 in every 1,199 housing units…

USING RISK TERRAIN MODELING TECHNIQUE TO IDENTIFY PLACES WITH THE GREATEST RISK FOR VIOLENT CRIMES IN NEW HAVEN

By Charles Anyinam, PhD
The importance of place in crime causation and crime prevention has been emphasized over the years (Weisburd, 2008). Current environmental criminological theories of crimes such as rational choice (Clarke & Felson, 1993); routine activity theory (Cohen & Felson, 1979); and crime pattern theory (Brantingham & Brantingham, 1993) give weight to the importance of place for understanding crime. As McCord and Ratcliffe have summed up, “together these three theories state that specific types of land uses and facilities generate crime due to the daily activities associated with them and the number and types of people they attract”…

In the News

​Police ‘geofencing’ cuts crime, accidents on Maine coast

Seacoastonline – The York (ME) Police Department is on the leading edge of small police forces nationwide in developing a data-driven system that works to pinpoint areas of town prone to accidents and crime and reduce incidents. It is a system essentially tailor-made for the department, using the expertise of nationally recognized crime analysts hired through an innovative U.S. Department of Justice grant…

UPCOMING EVENTS

Learn about upcoming events for crime analyst…